From Lingerie to Way of life: The Rebirth of The Underwear Business


Kim Kardashian launches shapewear company, Skims.
Kim Kardashian launches shapewear firm, Skims, in 2019. Photograph: Twitter @KimKardashian

Information of the return of the controversial Victoria’s Secret Vogue Present was launched to the general public earlier this yr in March throughout the lingerie firm’s investor name for 2023 Q1. Reactions are combined with some contemplating the lingerie enterprise to have entered its sundown years, whereas others are plainly and vehemently towards the corporate trying to place up a present of any variety. Between body-shaming, transphobia, misogynistic practices and alleged ties to the late high-profile intercourse trafficker, Jeffery Epstein, Victoria’s Secret has a greater than sticky historical past to climb out of. 

Bella Hadid and Halsey walk the runway during the 2018 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show at Pier 94 on Nov. 8, 2018 in New York City. 
Taylor Hill/FilmMagic
Bella Hadid and Halsey stroll the runway throughout the 2018 Victoria’s Secret Vogue Present at Pier 94 on 8 November 2018 in New York Metropolis. Photograph: Taylor Hill/ FilmMagic

The present loved a 24 year-long run which peaked at 12.4 million views in 2001 within the US, although declining gross sales and document low viewership in 2018 in gentle of the mounting controversies led to the present’s cancellation in 2019. For higher or worse, the Victoria’s Secret runway was at one level the underwear trade mecca the place popular culture and style intersected. A-list performances have been interspersed in between rows of tremendous fashions marching down the catwalk every year, however main feminist voices in music like Rihanna and Girl Gaga in 2012 and 2016 respectively. The autumn of the VS Vogue Present and, concomitantly, the Victoria’s Secret Angel, therefore represented a basic shift in style’s positioning in the direction of underwear. 

Jasmine Tookes and Shawn Mendes walk the runway during the 2018 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show at Pier 94 on Nov. 8, 2018 in New York City
Jasmine Tookes and Shawn Mendes share the runway on the 2018 Victoria’s Secret Vogue Present. Photograph: Taylor Hill/ FilmMagic

Attractive Turns into Cheesy

The mediatised physique of the Victoria’s Secret Angel constituted many issues suddenly. Unrealistic, Eurocentric magnificence requirements and the encroachment of the male gaze in nearly each nook of mass media have been certainly of concern, however it additionally pushed underwear out into the mass market highlight considerably in an period of intercourse being taboo with a single, highly effective message — “intercourse sells”. 

Ming Xi, Grace Elizabeth, Cindy Bruna, Gigi Hadid, Kendall Jenner and Alexina Graham. Photo: Taylor Hill/ FilmMagic
Ming Xi, Grace Elizabeth, Cindy Bruna, Gigi Hadid, Kendall Jenner and Alexina Graham. Photograph: Taylor Hill/ FilmMagic

Extra than simply supermodel glam, the Angels have been so magnetic exactly as a result of they have been so provocative. The risqué core of the present drew in as they pressured open scandalised eyes by means of a mix of shock and awe, imbuing in underwear energy and status-conferring qualities. But, with mounting controversy over body-inclusivity transgressions and a normalising of intercourse with Third Wave Feminism, showcasing our bodies with nothing however underwear on began to change into nearly slightly boring. Worst, it was deemed to be hypersexualised. In any case, what’s overdone in any respect mechanically turns into ill-informed, outdated and cheesy. The period of the hypersexy underwear trade was over. 

Photograph: Calvin Klein

It was not mere coincidence that the autumn of Victoria’s Secret aligned with the rise of Raf Simons’ Calvin Klein. The eminent Belgian designer loved a two-year stint with the American style home most recognisable for his or her racy underwear campaigns from the 90s all by means of the 2010s. Notorious of those is the 1992 Mark Wahlberg and Kate Moss marketing campaign. The marketing campaign video featured the then rap artist and nascent would-be supermodel naked chested in a playful dance strategically obscuring Moss’s bosom, wearing low-rise denims iconically exposing the bands of their Calvin Klein underwear. Different notable examples embrace the 2014 #MyCalvins marketing campaign that includes celebrities like pop-star Justin Bieber posting attractive footage of themselves donning solely Calvin Klein underwear. The #MyCalvins marketing campaign alone is approximated to have introduced in US$69 million in income.

Feeling Good Over Feeling Attractive

With the risqué premise of promoting intercourse falling out of style, Simons’ takeover as Calvin Klein’s inventive director appeared nearly serendipitous together with his distinctively inventive, softer tackle advertising intimates and design as a complete. His breakout spring present in 2017 was critically lauded for its presentation of a fantastically epicene imaginative and prescient of Americana, cinema and artwork, profitable him the Council of Vogue Designers of America Designer of the Yr Award for each womenswear and menswear. 

2017 Calvin Klein Spring campaign: American Classics.
Calvin Klein’s 2017 Spring marketing campaign, “American Classics”. Photograph: Willy Vandeperre

His adjoining spring marketing campaign titled, “American Classics”, departed from Calvin Klein’s routine hypersexualising techniques and shifted the highlight to the works of three main American artists as an alternative: Richard Prince, Andy Warhol and Sterling Ruby. The marketing campaign appeared extra to showcase the artwork works, with the slender but androgynous our bodies of fashions with muted wardrobe staples and denim solely serving as adornments on the aspect, their faces and torsos largely turned away from the digital camera as if to de-emphasise their sexuality in choice for the softness of their silhouettes. The end result: a privileging of epicene sensuality over hypersexuality; of feeling good over feeling attractive. Calvin Klein’s advertising techniques and the underwear trade at massive have been about to endure an enormous shift. 

2017 Calvin Klein Spring campaign: American Classics.
Photograph: Willy Vandeperre

Whereas Simons left Calvin Klein in 2019 below criticism of manufacturing collections that have been deemed “too elegant” to convey web revenue to the Home, his affect on the underwear trade continues to be felt until at this time not least in Calvin Klein’s intimates line itself. The Home’s Spring 2022 marketing campaign featured a motley crew of different multi-disciplinary artists of color, comparable to Okay-pop star JENNIE and hip-hop artist Dominic Fike, in an avantgarde interview montage slicing from modern dance scenes in an open area to floating in a lake surrounded by an enormous mountain vary, interspersed with shut up snapshots of the artists speaking about intimate subjects like group, belonging and love. Reasonably than sexualising unbiased physique elements, the underwear on this marketing campaign was stylised as versatile, easy and most significantly — snug. 

Video: Youtube @calvinklein

New Markets for Inclusivity and Luxurious

With the departure from its hypersexualised previous, underwear was lastly allowed to be snug once more. Stylish but simple — effortlessness has change into the brand new attractive. This new iteration of underwear advertising therefore noticed it be a part of the ranks of life-style merchandise, an on a regular basis merchandise that was directly informal and of paramount significance to the wearer. You didn’t put on underwear to be attractive anymore, however what sort of underwear you wore did decide how trendy you have been. 

JENNIE's personal capsule collection for Calvin Klein. Photo: Hong Jang Hyun.
JENNIE’s capsule assortment for Calvin Klein. Photograph: Hong Jang Hyun

Kardashian clued in early on this phenomenon in 2019, strategically launching her personal “solutions-oriented” attire model, Skims. Skims reframed underwear as “shapewear”, advertising their intimates as “second skins” not solely designed to be pores and skin color inclusive, however physique inclusive as properly. The physique positivity wave adopted carefully after the intercourse positivity wave, opening up a by no means earlier than tapped into inclusivity area of interest within the underwear marketplace for Skims to dominate early on. As of July 2023, Skims is valued at US$4 billion and enjoys a semi-luxury standing in not simply the underwear market, however the wider attire market as properly with their bodysuits marketed as versatile items all on their very own. 

Skims' 2022 Adaptive Collection targeted at people with disabilities. Photo: Skims
Skims’ 2022 Adaptive Assortment focused at folks with bodily disabilities. Photograph: Skims

With the physique constructive growth into the life-style merchandise trade, promoting underwear all of the sudden turned considerably extra accessible to a complete vary of gamers. It had been elevated from sleazy boxer briefs to assertion items, with luxurious manufacturers like Dolce & Gabbana and Versace hopping on the underwear band resurgence wave. 



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